Periodontics, is the specialist branch of dentistry involving the prevention of and treatment of diseases and conditions of the gum and bone surrounding and supporting teeth or dental implants. Periodontal (gum) disease is caused by a build-up of bacteria on the tooth, root or implant surface and leads to loss of the bone supporting teeth, causing them to become loose, move and eventually lost if left untreated. It is one of the most common causes of tooth loss in later life.
The vital thing about gum disease is that it is highly preventable and especially in the early stages, quite easily treatable. Many studies link oral health to a number of significant conditions and there is strong evidence of the links between heart disease, diabetes and gum disease. Possible links with Alzheimer’s disease, kidney disease, lung disease and rheumatoid arthritis are also currently being researched. More than 45% of adults in the UK are affected by gum disease which at its most mild level can affect quality of life and in susceptible individuals can have a significant impact on their general health.